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How Dandruff Develops

The scalp is protected by a hydrolipidic film that consists of sebum and sweat that protects our scalp from external aggression and dehydration. This natural lubricant is distributed along the hair shaft and protects the hair by smoothing the scalps, thereby making the hair shiny and supple.

When the secretions of sebum are insufficient, this hydrolipidic film is modified, which results in a progressive deterioration of the keratin cells which lose their water, their elasticity and its flexibility. This causes skin discomfort,  irritation, redness and tightness, resulting in the appearance of dry scalps which turns to dandruff.

Conversely, an excess of sebum isn’t also helpful. It suffocates the stratum corneum, making it thicker, resulting in oily dandruff. Hence, dandruff is a result of both oily and dry scalps. They can also be caused by a microscopic fungus living in our scalp that remains inactive most of the time. We face problems when it proliferates.

Scalp cells, which are usually renewed about once a month, regenerate faster — this causes dead skin cells to accumulate and creates dandruff that ruins our hairstyle.

The charming little mushroom, which is called “pityriasis”, feeds on fatty acids found in the sebum. It then generates other acids that irritate the skin of the scalp, which explains the itching that often accompanies these white flakes.

To make matters worse, the skins defence mechanism responds to these cells in a negative way which aggravates the situation even further. You don’t need to get worked up anymore about your dandruff as Clearskin London is your one-stop clinic for solutions to your skin conditions.

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Types of Dandruff

Most people assume that dandruff is dry and flaky. However, there are two types of dandruff; dry and oily. It is essential to distinguish between the two because they are not treated in the same way.

1. Dry dandruff

Dried dandruff is small and white. These are the most common types and falls like snowflakes on our shoulders and clothes when one combs or scratches the hair. This dandruff is common in people who have normal or dry scalp. These are the most common, and fortunately, they are treated rather easily with an anti-dandruff shampoo.

Fortunately, most Shampoos used to treat dandruff have evolved a lot and make hair ultra-soft and shiny in addition to eradicating unwanted flakes.

2. Oily dandruff

Oily Dandruff is visibly larger than dry dandruff and even covers the entire scalp in extreme cases. They come together and stick to the scalp, suffocating it and can even cause hair loss in the long term. This type of Dandruff is more likely to cause itching and also difficult to control at the same time. The only solution is to turn to a professional Dermatology Clinic like Clearskin London.

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